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Biomarkers Potency to Monitor Non-target Fauna Poisoning by Anticoagulant Rodenticides

Abstract : The widespread use of pesticides to control agricultural pests is a hot topic on the public scene of environmental health. Selective pest control for minimum environmental impact is a major goal of the environmental toxicology field, notably to avoid unintended poisoning in different organisms. Anticoagulant rodenticides cause abnormal blood coagulation process; they have been widely used to control rodents, allowing inadvertent primary and secondary exposure in domestic animals and non-target predatory wildlife species through direct ingestion of rodenticide-containing bait or by consumption of poisoned prey. To report toxic effect, the most common approach is the measurement of liver or plasma residues of anticoagulant rodenticides in dead or intoxicated animals showing clinical symptoms. However, one major challenge is that literature currently lacks a hepatic or plasma concentration threshold value for the differentiation of exposure from toxicity. Regarding the variation in pharmacology properties of anticoagulant rodenticides inter- and intra-species, the dose-response relationship must be defined for each species to prejudge the relative risk of poisoning. Beyond that, biomarkers are a key solution widely used for ecological risk assessment of contaminants. Since anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) have toxic effects at the biochemical level, biomarkers can serve as indicators of toxic exposure. In this sense, toxicological knowledge of anticoagulant rodenticides within organisms is an important tool for defining sensitive, specific, and suitable biomarkers. In this review, we provide an overview of the toxicodynamic and toxicokinetic parameters of anticoagulant rodenticides in different animal species. We examine different types of biomarkers used to characterize and differentiate the exposure and toxic effects of anticoagulant rodenticide, showing the strengths and weaknesses of the assays. Finally, we describe possible new biomarkers and highlight their capabilities.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03087267
Contributor : Sébastien Lefebvre Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 4:08:14 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 4, 2021 - 2:44:32 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Antoine Rached, Meg-Anne Moriceau, Xavier Serfaty, Sébastien Lefebvre, Virginie Lattard. Biomarkers Potency to Monitor Non-target Fauna Poisoning by Anticoagulant Rodenticides. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Frontiers Media, 2020, 7, ⟨10.3389/fvets.2020.616276⟩. ⟨hal-03087267⟩

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