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The COVID-19 pandemic and global environmental change: Emerging research needs

Robert Barouki 1 Manolis Kogevinas 2 Karine Audouze 1 Kristine Belesova 3 Ake Bergman 4 Linda Birnbaum 5 Sandra Boekhold 6 Sebastien Denys 7 Celine Desseille Elina Drakvik 4 Howard Frumkin Jeanne Garric 8 Delphine Destoumieux-Garzon 9 Andrew Haines 3 Anke Huss 10 Genon Jensen Spyros Karakitsios 11 Jana Klanova 12 Iida-Maria Koskela 13 Francine Laden 14 Francelyne Marano 15 Eva Franziska Matthies-Wiesler 16 George Morris 17 Julia Nowacki 18 Riikka Paloniemi 13 Neil Pearce 19 Annette Peters 16 Aino Rekola 13 Denis Sarigiannis 11 Katerina Šebková 12 Rémy Slama 20 Brigit Staatsen 5 Cathryn Tonne 2 Roel Vermeulen 10 Paolo Vineis 21
Abstract : The outbreak of COVID-19 raised numerous questions on the interactions between the occurrence of new infections, the environment, climate and health. The European Union requested the H2020 HERA project which aims at setting priorities in research on environment, climate and health, to identify relevant research needs regarding Covid-19. The emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2 appears to be related to urbanization, habitat destruction, live animal trade, intensive livestock farming and global travel. The contribution of climate and air pollution requires additional studies. Importantly, the severity of COVID-19 depends on the interactions between the viral infection, ageing and chronic diseases such as metabolic, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and obesity which are themselves influenced by environmental stressors. The mechanisms of these interactions deserve additional scrutiny. Both the pandemic and the social response to the disease have elicited an array of behavioural and societal changes that may remain long after the pandemic and that may have long term health effects including on mental health. Recovery plans are currently being discussed or implemented and the environmental and health impacts of those plans are not clearly foreseen. Clearly, COVID-19 will have a long-lasting impact on the environmental health field and will open new research perspectives and policy needs.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03035125
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 9:14:46 AM
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Robert Barouki, Manolis Kogevinas, Karine Audouze, Kristine Belesova, Ake Bergman, et al.. The COVID-19 pandemic and global environmental change: Emerging research needs. Environment International, Elsevier, 2021, 146, pp.106272. ⟨10.1016/j.envint.2020.106272⟩. ⟨hal-03035125⟩

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