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Thermogravimetric study of the behaviour of organic and inorganic polymers contained in four dental resin-based composites

Abstract : The composition of dental resin-based composite (RBC) matrix is partly responsible for many clinical failures in restorations, which may come from dimensional variation or instability in a wet environment. The objective of this study is therefore to evaluate the thermal stability over time of four dental RBC with different matrices. Silicone cylinders were filled with four different materials and then photopolymerized. To simulate ageing in the buccal environment, half of the samples were placed in a dark place at 37°C for 45 days in sealed compartments containing 2 ml of water. All the RBC produced were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis to measure the loss of mass as a function of temperature. Bis-GMA-based resins and Ormocer materials have similar curves before and after soaking in humid atmosphere. The curves of the UDMA resin are different before and after water ageing, meaning that water imbibition has modified the structure of the composite and its degradation. Even if many curves are similar within the same RBC at different polymerization times or at different pre- and post-ageing times, it is rare to observe a common kinetics between two different composites. Our results show good wet stability of polymerized dental RBC according to the manufacturer’s instructions, although the UDMA-based materials show more variation. It therefore seems that Ormocer resin composite with mass placement have ageing properties that can compete with those of conventional composites whereas those incremented on 2 mm layers are more sensitive to the time necessary for polymerization.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03033580
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 2:12:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:19:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 7:22:51 PM

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Thibault Canceill, Paul Pages, Sarah Garnier, Jany Dandurand, Sabine Joniot. Thermogravimetric study of the behaviour of organic and inorganic polymers contained in four dental resin-based composites. Polymers and Polymer Composites, Rapra, 2020, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1177/0967391120967533⟩. ⟨hal-03033580⟩

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