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Evolutive differentiation between alga-and plant-type plastid terminal oxidase: study of plastid terminal oxidase PTOX isoforms in Marchantia polymorpha

Abstract : The liverwort Marchantia polymorpha contains two isoforms of the plastid terminal oxidase (PTOX), an enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water using plastoquinol as substrate. Phylogenetic analyses showed that one isoform, here called MpPTOXa, is closely related to isoforms occurring in plants and some algae, while the other isoform, here called MpPTOXb, is closely related to the two isoforms occurring in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Mutants of each isoform were created in Marchantia polymorpha using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. While no obvious phenotype was found for these mutants, chlorophyll fluorescence analyses demonstrated that the plastoquinone pool was in a higher reduction state in both mutants. This was visible at the level of fluorescence measured in dark-adapted material and by post illumination fluorescence rise. These results suggest that both isoforms have a redundant function. However, when P700 oxidation and re-reduction was studied, differences between these two isoforms were observed. Furthermore, the mutant affected in MpPTOXb showed a slight alteration in the pigment composition, a higher non-photochemical quenching and a slightly lower electron transport rate through photosystem II. These differences may be explained either by differences in the enzymatic activities or by different activities attributed to preferential involvement of the two PTOX isoforms to either linear or cyclic electron flow.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03032218
Contributor : Anja Krieger-Liszkay <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 6:30:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 3:31:29 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, March 1, 2021 - 7:58:24 PM

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Marine Messant, Ginga Shimakawa, François Perreau, Chikahiro Miyake, Anja Krieger-Liszkay. Evolutive differentiation between alga-and plant-type plastid terminal oxidase: study of plastid terminal oxidase PTOX isoforms in Marchantia polymorpha. Biochimica biophysica acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics, Elsevier, 2021, ⟨10.1016/j.bbabio.2020.148309⟩. ⟨hal-03032218⟩

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