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Extra-cellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility

Abstract : Imposed deformations play an important role in morphogenesis and tissue homeostasis, both in normal and pathological conditions. To perceive mechanical perturbations of different types and magnitudes, tissues need appropriate detectors, with a compliance that matches the perturbation amplitude. By comparing results of selective osmotic compressions of CT26 mouse cells within multicellular aggregates and global aggregate compressions, we show that global compressions have a strong impact on the aggregates growth and internal cell motility, while selective compressions of same magnitude have almost no effect. Both compressions alter the volume of individual cells in the same way over a shor-timescale, but, by draining the water out of the extracellular matrix, the global one imposes a residual compressive mechanical stress on the cells over a long-timescale, while the selective one does not. We conclude that the extracellular matrix is as a sensor that mechanically regulates cell proliferation and migration in a 3D environment.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03015345
Contributor : Giovanni Cappello Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 4:02:11 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:19:57 AM

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elife-63258-v1.pdf
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Monika Elzbieta Dolega, Sylvain Monnier, Benjamin Brunel, Jean-François Joanny, Pierre Recho, et al.. Extra-cellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility. eLife, eLife Sciences Publication, 2021, 10, ⟨10.7554/eLife.63258⟩. ⟨hal-03015345v2⟩

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