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The Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxy VCC 848 Formed by Dwarf–Dwarf Merging: H i Gas, Star Formation, and Numerical Simulations

Abstract : A clear link between a dwarf-dwarf merger event and enhanced star formation (SF) in the recent past was recently identified in the gas-dominated merger remnant VCC 848, offering by far the clearest view of a gas-rich late-stage dwarf-dwarf merger. We present a joint analysis of JVLA H i emission-line mapping, optical imaging and numerical simulations of VCC 848, in order to examine the impact of the merger on the stellar and gaseous distributions. VCC 848 has less than 30% of its H i gas concentrated within the central high-surface-brightness star-forming region, while the remaining H i is entrained in outlying tidal features. Particularly, a well-defined tidal arm reaches N (H i) comparable to the galaxy center but lacks SF. The molecular gas mass inferred from the current SF rate (SFR) dominates over the atomic gas mass in the central ∼ 1.5 kpc. VCC 848 is consistent with being a main-sequence star-forming galaxy for its current stellar mass and SFR. The H ii region luminosity distribution largely agrees with that of normal dwarf irregulars with similar luminosities, except that the brightest H ii region is extraordinarily luminous. Our N-body/hydrodynamical simulations imply that VCC 848 is a merger between a gas-dominated primary progenitor and a gas-bearing star-dominated secondary. The progenitors had their first passage on a near-radial non-coplanar orbit more than 1 Gyr ago. The merger did not build up a core as compact as typical compact dwarfs with centralized starburst, which may be partly ascribed to the star-dominated nature of the secondary, and in a general sense, a negative stellar feedback following intense starbursts triggered at early stages of the merger.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 6:36:49 PM
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Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 7, 2021 - 8:20:32 PM

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Hong-Xin Zhang, Rory Smith, Se-Heon Oh, Sanjaya Paudel, Pierre-Alain Duc, et al.. The Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxy VCC 848 Formed by Dwarf–Dwarf Merging: H i Gas, Star Formation, and Numerical Simulations. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2020, 900 (2), pp.152. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/abab96⟩. ⟨hal-02993414⟩

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