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Cryoturbation versus tectonic deformation along the southern edge of the Tunka Basin (Baikal Rift System), Siberia: New insights from an integrated morphotectonic and stratigraphic study

Abstract : The Tunka Basin is a broad, emerging basin situated between the Baikal Lake to the east and the the Hövsgöl Lake to the west. The basin is bounded to the north and to the south by the Tunka and the Khamar-Daban mountain ranges, respectively. The Tunka normal fault, located at the southern foothills of the Tunka mountain range, is the main structure that controlled the development of the Tunka Basin during the Neogene. Paleoearthquake-surface ruptures attest of its present activity; and show that its western and eastern terminations are undergoing a tectonic inversion characterized by left-lateral-reverse deformations. The southern edge of the Tunka Basin is classically interpreted as being tectonically controlled. In this paper, we present the results of a geomorphological and stratigraphic analysis within its southwestern and southeastern parts suggesting that there is no active fault affecting the foothills of the Khamar-Daban mountain range. The different features observed in the Quaternary deposits are interpreted to be the result of periglacial processes induced by alternating episodes of permafrost aggradation and degradation during the Holocene. Our study concludes that the Khamar-Daban Range and the Tunka Basin are uplifting together, and that the Tunka and Mondy faults are the two main triggers of regional earthquakes.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02978189
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Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2020 - 11:44:02 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 11:01:30 AM

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Anastasia Arzhannikova, Jean-François Ritz, Christophe Larroque, Pierre Antoine, Sergey Arzhannikov, et al.. Cryoturbation versus tectonic deformation along the southern edge of the Tunka Basin (Baikal Rift System), Siberia: New insights from an integrated morphotectonic and stratigraphic study. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2020, 204, pp.104569. ⟨10.1016/j.jseaes.2020.104569⟩. ⟨hal-02978189⟩

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