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Magnetic quadri-dipolar stars rotating in vacuum

Abstract : Main-sequence stars and compact objects such as white dwarfs and neutron stars are usually embedded in magnetic fields that strongly deviate from a pure dipole located right at the stellar centre. An off-centred dipole can sometimes better adjust existing data and offer a simple geometric picture to include multipolar fields. However, such configurations are usually to restrictive, limiting multipolar components to strength less than the underlying dipole. In this paper, we consider the most general lowest order multipolar combination given by a dipole and a quadrupole magnetic field association in vacuum. Following the general formalism for multipolar field computations, we derive the full electromagnetic field outside a rotating quadridipole. Exact analytical expressions for the Poynting flux and the electromagnetic kick are given. Such geometry is useful to study the magnetosphere of neutron stars for which more and more compelling observations reveals hints for at least quadridipolar fields. We also show that for sufficiently high quadrupole components at the stellar surface, the electromagnetic kick imprinted to a neutron star can reach thousands of km s^−1 for a millisecond period at birth.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 10:21:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:35:42 AM

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J. Pétri. Magnetic quadri-dipolar stars rotating in vacuum. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2020, 499 (3), pp.4445-4454. ⟨10.1093/mnras/staa3086⟩. ⟨hal-02973163⟩

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