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La controverse entre Gustav Landauer et le Vorwärts. Une querelle sur deux conceptions du socialisme

Abstract : Drawing on the Vorwärts archives for the 1890s and 1900s, the article analyzes the symptomatic frequency of the references in the German Social Democratic Party’s official newspaper to Gustav Landauer, scathing critic of Marxist socialism and who wanted to « give socialism a new direction ». Both through what is said and what is not said in the newspaper during the period, the author of the article tries to detect the strategy implemented by Vorwärts, involving the discrediting of anarchism and the consolidation of a claim to monopoly in the very definition of socialism. But behind these rhetorical games of caricature and denigration, the article also aims to show how the controversy between Vorwärts and the « inevitable Landauer » points up a series of structural and fundamental disagreements regarding the conception of history, society, experimentation and social change.
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Submitted on : Saturday, September 26, 2020 - 5:26:23 PM
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Anatole Lucet. La controverse entre Gustav Landauer et le Vorwärts. Une querelle sur deux conceptions du socialisme. Actuel Marx, Presses Universitaires de France, 2020, 2020/2 (68), pp.156-174. ⟨10.3917/amx.068.0156⟩. ⟨hal-02949570⟩

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