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DC/L-SIGN recognition of spike glycoprotein promotes SARS-CoV-2 trans-infection and can be inhibited by a glycomimetic antagonist

Résumé : The efficient spread of SARS-CoV-2 resulted in a pandemic that is unique in modern history. Despite early identification of ACE2 as the receptor for viral spike protein, much remains to be understood about the molecular events behind viral dissemination. We evaluated the contribution of C-type lectin receptors (CLR S ) of antigen-presenting cells, widely present in air mucosa and lung tissue. DC-SIGN, L-SIGN, Langerin and MGL bind to diverse glycans of the spike using multiple interaction areas. Using pseudovirus and cells derived from monocytes or T-lymphocytes, we demonstrate that while virus capture by the CLRs examined does not allow direct cell infection, DC/L-SIGN, among these receptors, promote virus transfer to permissive ACE2+ cells. A glycomimetic compound designed against DC-SIGN, enable inhibition of this process. Thus, we described a mechanism potentiating viral capture and spreading of infection. Early involvement of APCs opens new avenues for understanding and treating the imbalanced innate immune response observed in COVID-19 pathogenesis
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https://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-02947771
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 10:08:18 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:34:38 AM

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Michel Thépaut, Joanna Luczkowiak, Corinne Vivès, Nuria Labiod, Isabelle Bally, et al.. DC/L-SIGN recognition of spike glycoprotein promotes SARS-CoV-2 trans-infection and can be inhibited by a glycomimetic antagonist. PLoS Pathogens, Public Library of Science, 2021, 17 (5), pp.e1009576. ⟨10.1101/2020.08.09.242917⟩. ⟨hal-02947771⟩

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