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Oxidation of di-n-butyl ether: Experimental characterization of low-temperature products in JSR and RCM

Abstract : The oxidation of di-n-butyl-ether (DBE) was performed in a jet-stirred reactor (JSR) at 1 atm, 520 and 530 K, and from 480 to 670 K at 10 atm, at a residence time of 1 s, an equivalence ratio of 0.5, and an initial fuel concentration of 5000 ppm. Ignition experiments on DBE/air mixtures were also performed in a rapid compression machine (RCM) under stoichiometric conditions, 5 bar, and from 550 to 630 K. Low-temperature products formed in JSR and RCM experiments were characterized. To this end, high-resolution mass spectrometry analyses (HRMS) with flow injection analyses or ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography coupling were used to characterize hydroperoxides and diols (C8H18O3), ketohydroperoxides (C8H16O4), carboxylic acids (C2H4O2, C3H6O2, C4H8O2), di-keto ethers (C8H14O3), and highly oxygenated molecules (C8H14O5, C8H16O6, C8H14O6, C8H14O7, C8H16O8, and C8H14O9) resulting from up to five O2 additions on fuel's radicals. Whereas HOMs are of minor importance in combustion, they are considered key species for the formation of secondary organic aerosols. In addition, cyclic ethers and esters (C8H16O2) were observed. Heated electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionizations (HESI and APCI) were used in positive and negative modes for MS analyses. H/D exchange with D2O was used to confirm the presence of –OH or –OOH groups in the products. The present results show that DBE oxidation proceeds similarly under JSR and RCM conditions. Whereas the CH2 groups neighboring the ether group are the most favorable sites for H-atom abstraction reactions, speciation indicated that other sites can react by metathesis forming a large pool of intermediates and products. Our kinetic reaction mechanism needs to be extended for simulating the formation of newly detected species.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 9, 2020 - 1:34:36 PM
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Nesrine Belhadj, Roland Benoit, Philippe Dagaut, Maxence Lailliau, Zeynep Serinyel, et al.. Oxidation of di-n-butyl ether: Experimental characterization of low-temperature products in JSR and RCM. Combustion and Flame, Elsevier, 2020, 222, pp.133-144. ⟨10.1016/j.combustflame.2020.08.037⟩. ⟨hal-02934485⟩

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