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Spectroscopic Investigation of the Kinetic Mechanism Involved in the Association of Potyviral VPg with the Host Plant Translation Initiation Factor eIF4E

Abstract : The infectious cycle of potyviruses requires the formation of a complex between the viral genome-linked protein VPg and the host eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E, eIF4E. Mutations associated with plant resistance to potyviruses were previously mapped at the eIF4E surface, while on the virus side, mutations leading to plant resistance breaking were identified within the VPg. In the present study, fluorescence spectroscopy was used to probe the contribution of the VPg intrinsically disordered region bearing amino acids determinant of the resistance breaking, to the VPg-eIF4E binding mechanism. Synthetic peptides encompassing the VPg 88-120 central region were found to tightly bind to eIF4E. Fluorescence energy transfer experiments show that, upon binding to eIF4E, the N and C termini of the VPg 88-111 fragment move closer to one another, at a distance compatible with a α-helix folding. When the VPg 112-120 region, which contains amino acids associated with resistance breakdown, is appended to VPg 88-111 , the complex formation with eIF4E switches from a single-step to a two-step kinetic model. This study revisits a recent investigation of the VPg-eIF4E complex by specifying the contribution of the VPg central helix and its appended disordered region to VPg association with eIF4E.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02914077
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 11, 2020 - 11:24:42 AM
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Jocelyne Walter, Amandine Barra, Justine Charon, Genevieve Tavert-Roudet, Thierry Michon. Spectroscopic Investigation of the Kinetic Mechanism Involved in the Association of Potyviral VPg with the Host Plant Translation Initiation Factor eIF4E. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (16), pp.5618. ⟨10.3390/ijms21165618⟩. ⟨hal-02914077⟩

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