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Experimental analysis and modeling of the losses in the tip leakage flow of an isolated, non-rotating blade setup

Abstract : Experimental analysis and modelling of the losses in the tip leakage flow of an isolated, non-rotating blade setup B. Deveaux · C. Fournis · V. Brion · J. Marty · A. Dazin Abstract Improving pressure rise capabilities of axial compressors requires an in-depth understanding of the losses produced in the tip leakage region. Here, a generic setup that magnifies the tip region of an isolated, non-rotating blade is used with the objectives of describing the main flow components and evaluating the related sources of loss. The flow at the tip is structured by the jet flow out of the gap which, under the effect of the main stream, rolls-up into a tip-leakage vortex. The current setup is characterized by the tip gap height and the thickness of the incoming boundary layer at the casing, here a flat plate, for a given incidence of the blade. Measurements are performed using LDV and a multi-port pressure probe. Variations in the tip-leakage flow are found to be mainly driven by gap height. A small, intermediate and large gap regimes are more specifically found, with threshold around 4% and 8% of gap to chord ratio for the present setting. The incoming boundary layer thickness is shown to provoke a notable effect on the vortex lateral position and total pressure losses. The local entropy creation rate is computed from LDV data and used to identify the sources of loss in the flow. A decomposition into wake and vortex losses is further proposed, allowing to relate the contributions of the various flow components to the overall losses. An empirical model of the formation of the tip vortex is developed to account for the increased losses as a function of gap height. The model provides B. Deveaux · C. Fournis · V. Brion · J a useful mean for the practical approximation of the gap sensitivity of pressure losses.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 31, 2020 - 10:28:51 AM
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Benjamin Deveaux, Camille Fournis, Vincent Brion, Julien Marty, Antoine Dazin. Experimental analysis and modeling of the losses in the tip leakage flow of an isolated, non-rotating blade setup. Experiments in Fluids, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2020, 61 (126), pp.1-23. ⟨10.1007/s00348-020-02957-z⟩. ⟨hal-02909760⟩

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