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Solving Multi-Agent Routing Problems Using Deep Attention Mechanisms

Guillaume Bono 1, 2 Jilles Dibangoye 1, 2 Olivier Simonin 1, 2 Laëtitia Matignon 3 Florian Pereyron 4 
1 CHROMA - Robots coopératifs et adaptés à la présence humaine en environnements dynamiques
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
3 SyCoSMA - Systèmes Cognitifs et Systèmes Multi-Agents
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information
Abstract : Routing delivery vehicles to serve customers in dynamic and uncertain environments like dense city centers is a challenging task that requires robustness and flexibility. Most existing approaches to routing problems produce solutions offline in the form of plans, which only apply to the situation they have been optimized for. Instead, we propose to learn a policy that provides decision rules to build the routes from online measurements of the environment state, including the customers configuration itself. Doing so, we can generalize from past experiences and quickly provide decision rules for new instances of the problem without re-optimizing any parameters of our policy. The difficulty with this approach comes from the complexity to represent this state. In this paper, we introduce a sequential multi-agent decision-making model to formalize the description and the temporal evolution of a Dynamic and Stochastic Vehicle Routing Problem. We propose a variation of Deep Neural Network using Attention Mechanisms to learn generalizable representation of the state and output online decision rules adapted to dynamic and stochastic information. Using artificially-generated data, we show promising results in these dynamic and stochastic environments, while staying competitive in deterministic ones compared to offline classical heuristics.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 30, 2020 - 9:22:09 AM
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Guillaume Bono, Jilles Dibangoye, Olivier Simonin, Laëtitia Matignon, Florian Pereyron. Solving Multi-Agent Routing Problems Using Deep Attention Mechanisms. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE, 2021, 22 (12), pp.7804 - 7813. ⟨10.1109/TITS.2020.3009289⟩. ⟨hal-02909132⟩



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