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Optimization of data-driven filterbank for automatic speaker verification

Susanta Sarangi 1 Md Sahidullah 2 Goutam Saha 1
2 MULTISPEECH - Speech Modeling for Facilitating Oral-Based Communication
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - NLPKD - Department of Natural Language Processing & Knowledge Discovery
Abstract : Most of the speech processing applications use triangular filters spaced in mel-scale for feature extraction. In this paper, we propose a new data-driven filter design method which optimizes filter parameters from a given speech data. First, we introduce a frame-selection based approach for developing speech-signal-based frequency warping scale. Then, we propose a new method for computing the filter frequency responses by using principal component analysis (PCA). The main advantage of the proposed method over the recently introduced deep learning based methods is that it requires very limited amount of unlabeled speech-data. We demonstrate that the proposed filterbank has more speaker discriminative power than commonly used mel filterbank as well as existing data-driven filterbank. We conduct automatic speaker verification (ASV) experiments with different corpora using various classifier back-ends. We show that the acoustic features created with proposed filterbank are better than existing mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) and speech-signal-based frequency cepstral coefficients (SFCCs) in most cases. In the experiments with VoxCeleb1 and popular i-vector back-end, we observe 9.75% relative improvement in equal error rate (EER) over MFCCs. Similarly, the relative improvement is 4.43% with recently introduced x-vector system. We obtain further improvement using fusion of the proposed method with standard MFCC-based approach.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 16, 2020 - 9:07:34 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 5:37:11 PM
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Susanta Sarangi, Md Sahidullah, Goutam Saha. Optimization of data-driven filterbank for automatic speaker verification. Digital Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2020, 104, ⟨10.1016/j.dsp.2020.102795⟩. ⟨hal-02900353⟩



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