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Spin interfaces and crossing probabilities of spin clusters in parafermionic models

Abstract : We consider fractal curves in two-dimensional $Z_N$ spin lattice models. These are N states spin models that undergo a continuous ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition described by the ZN parafermionic field theory. The main motivation here is to investigate the correspondence between Schramm-Loewner evolutions (SLE) and conformal field theories with extended conformal algebras (ECFT). By using Monte-Carlo simulation, we compute the fractal dimension of different spin interfaces for the N=3 and N=4 spin models that correspond respectively to the 3 states Potts model and to the Ashkin-Teller model at the Fateev-Zamolodchikov point. These numerical measures, that improve and complete the ones presented in the previous works, are shown to be consistent with SLE/ECFT predictions. We consider then the crossing probability of spin clusters in a rectangular domain. Using a multiple SLE approach, we provide crossing probability formulas for ZN parafarmionic theories. The parafermionic conformal blocks that enter the crossing probability formula are computed by solving a Knhiznik-Zamolodchikov system of rank 3. In the 3 states Potts model case, where the parafermionic blocks coincide with the Virasoro ones, we rederive the crossing formula found by S.M.Flores et al., that is in good agreement with our measures. For N>=4 where the crossing probability satisfies a third order differential equation instead of a second order one, our formulas are new. The theoretical predictions are compared to Monte-Carlo measures taken at N=4 and a fair agreement is found.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 10:07:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 8:09:59 PM

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Yoshiki Fukusumi, Marco Picco, Raoul Santachiara. Spin interfaces and crossing probabilities of spin clusters in parafermionic models. 2020. ⟨hal-02894430⟩



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