Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

A monocomponent bifunctional benzophenone–carbazole type II photoinitiator for LED photoinitiating systems

Abstract : A bifunctional benzophenone-carbazole-based photoinitiator BPC was designed from its molecular structure viewpoint. To get this, two benzoyl substituents were introduced as peripheral groups of carbazole so that a molecule in which two benzophenones were fused to one carbazole unit could be obtained in a one-step procedure. As a result of this combination, synergetic effects are thus attended. Interestingly, BPC could efficiently initiate the free radical photopolymerization (FRP) of acrylates without addition of any extra hydrogen donors demonstrating a monocomponent Type II behavior but also fast photoinitiation rates were obtained in the presence of an amine and/or an iodonium salt with a LED@365 nm. Meanwhile, BPC can also interact with the iodonium salt to generate cationic species for the cationic photopolymerization (CP) of epoxides. BPC was found as a versatile photoinitiator that can be used for both radical and cationic polymerizations. The best photoinitiating system (PIS) determined during the FRP tests was selected for 3D printing experiments. Steady state photolysis and fluorescence quenching experiments were carried out to verify the interaction between BPC and the different additives in the excited state. Electron spin resonance-spin trapping experiments successfully distinguished the free radicals generated by the different PISs and the proposed electron transfer mechanisms
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [13 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Damien Brunel <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 4:15:32 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 4:25:10 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 11:43:52 AM


communication-carbazole deriva...
Files produced by the author(s)




Shaohui Liu, Damien Brunel, Ke Sun, Yangyang Xu, Fabrice Morlet-Savary, et al.. A monocomponent bifunctional benzophenone–carbazole type II photoinitiator for LED photoinitiating systems. Polymer Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry - RSC, 2020, 11 (21), pp.3551-3556. ⟨10.1039/D0PY00644K⟩. ⟨hal-02868803⟩



Record views


Files downloads