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Impact of Social Welfare Metrics on Energy Allocation in Multi-Objective Optimization

Abstract : Resource allocation problems are at the core of the smart grid where energy supply and demand must match. Multi-objective optimization can be applied in such cases to find the optimal allocation of energy resources among consumers considering energy domain factors such as variable and intermittent production, market prices, or demand response events. In this regard, this paper considers consumer energy demand and system-wide energy constraints to be individual objectives and optimization variables to be the allocation of energy over time to each of the consumers. This paper considers a case in which multi-objective optimization is used to generate Pareto sets of solutions containing possible allocations for multiple energy intensive consumers constituted by commercial greenhouse growers. We consider the problem of selecting a final solution from these Pareto sets, one of maximizing the social welfare between objectives. Social welfare is a set of metrics often applied to multi-agent systems to evaluate the overall system performance. We introduce and apply social welfare ordering using different social welfare metrics to select solutions from these sets to investigate the impact of the type of social welfare metric on the optimization outcome. The results of our experiments indicate how different social welfare metrics affect the optimization outcome and how that translates to general resource allocation strategies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02867861
Contributor : Yves Demazeau <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 10:10:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 9, 2020 - 9:44:22 AM

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Anders Clausen, Aisha Umair, Yves Demazeau, Bo Nørregaard Jørgensen. Impact of Social Welfare Metrics on Energy Allocation in Multi-Objective Optimization. Energies, MDPI, 2020, 13 (11), pp.2961. ⟨10.3390/en13112961⟩. ⟨hal-02867861⟩

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