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Ionic liquids under confinement: From systematic variations of the ion and pore sizes towards an understanding of structure and dynamics in complex porous carbons

Abstract : We use molecular simulations of an ionic liquid in contact with a range of nanoporous carbons to investigate correlations between ion size, pore size, pore topology and properties of the adsorbed ions. We show that diffusion coefficients increase with the anion size and, surprisingly, with the quantity of adsorbed ions. Both findings are interpreted in terms of confinement: when the in-pore population increases additional ions are located in less confined sites and diffuse faster. Simulations in which the pores are enlarged while keeping the topology constant comfort these observations. The interpretation of properties across structures is more challenging. An interesting point is that smaller pores do not necessarily lead to larger confinement. In this work, the highest degrees of confinements are observed for intermediate pore sizes. We also 1 show a correlation between the quantity of adsorbed ions and the ratio between the maximum pore diameter and the pore limiting diameter.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 9:17:32 PM
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El Hassane Lahrar, Anouar Belhboub, Patrice Simon, Céline Merlet. Ionic liquids under confinement: From systematic variations of the ion and pore sizes towards an understanding of structure and dynamics in complex porous carbons. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2019, 12 (1), pp.1789-1798. ⟨10.1021/acsami.9b16740⟩. ⟨hal-02863066⟩

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