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Le gisement acheuléen en contexte de doline de Revelles (Somme, France) et ses caractéristiques communes à l’Acheuléen méridional

Abstract : The open-air site and Acheulean site of Revelles has been discovered in a dolina context when the A29 motorway was built in 2002 west to Amiens (Somme). One single occupation, without faunal discoveries, has delivered more than 5000 artefact and has been correlated to SIM 8. This new occupation permits us to work out on typology and technology of a facies different from the traditional acheulian from the alluvial terrace like Cagny-l’Epinette or Cagny-la-Garenne and of a facies also different from the other plateaus or dolinas like Ferme de l’Epinette and Gentelles. Three main operating chains are identified, one around the production of handaxes, another around triface and the last one deals with the productions of flakes and tool-flakes. Among the handaxes typology, we encounter lanceolates, back-handaxes, picks-handaxes and many handaxes with a cortex basis. Traditional morphologies like ovalar, amygdaloid and limandes are away. In that site, broken handaxes are numerous and broken marks allow us to see the difference between the one depending of bad raw materials from those of a volunteer resharping. Between these two extremes some are the results of the flexion or diverse functions. The debitage is carefully done with a great productivity of each main core surface and a great proportion of long back-knives. The Levallois method is rarely present, only by few preferential cores and rare flakes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 4:02:51 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 25, 2020 - 12:14:01 PM

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Agnès Lamotte, Laurent Deschodt, Pierre Antoine, Olivier Guerlin, Nick Debenham. Le gisement acheuléen en contexte de doline de Revelles (Somme, France) et ses caractéristiques communes à l’Acheuléen méridional. L'anthropologie, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 123 (4-5), pp.695-723. ⟨10.1016/j.anthro.2019.102732⟩. ⟨hal-02777981⟩

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