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Deep modifications of the microbiome of rice roots infected by the parasitic nematode Meloidogyne graminicola in highly infested fields in Vietnam

Abstract : Meloidogyne graminicola, also known as the rice root-knot nematode, is one of the most damaging plant-parasitic nematode, especially on rice. This obligate soilbome parasite induces the formation of galls that disturb the root morphology and physiology. Its impact on the root microbiome is still not well described. Here, we conducted a survey in Northern Vietnam where we collected infected (with galls) and non-infected root tips from the same plants in three naturally infested fields. Using a metabarcoding approach, we discovered that M. graminicola infection caused modifications of the root bacterial community composition and network structure. Interestingly, we observed in infected roots a higher diversity and species richness (+24% observed ESVs) as well as a denser and more complex co-occurrence network (+44% nodes and +136% links). We identified enriched taxa that include several hubs, which could serve as potential indicators or biocontrol agents of the nematode infection. Moreover, the community of infected roots is more specific suggesting changes in the functional capabilities to survive in the gall environment. We thus describe the signature of the gall microbiome (the 'gallobiome, with shifting abundances and enrichments that lead to a strong restructuration of the root microbiome.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02770824
Contributor : Anne-Sophie Masson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 12:02:12 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 14, 2022 - 1:26:07 AM

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Anne-Sophie Masson, Hai Ho Bich, Marie Simonin, Hue Nguyen Thi, Pierre Czernic, et al.. Deep modifications of the microbiome of rice roots infected by the parasitic nematode Meloidogyne graminicola in highly infested fields in Vietnam. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2020, 96 (7), pp.fiaa099. ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiaa099⟩. ⟨hal-02770824⟩

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