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Journal articles

Influence of body condition on maintenance energy requirements of Charolais cows

Abstract : The objective of the experiment was to test whether maintenance energy requirements of non-lactating, non-pregnant beef cows increased with body fatness. Twelve Charolais cows were initially fed to attain either lean or fat body condition. Subsequently, over a period of 66 days food allowances were regularly adjusted for zero live-weight change. For the following 76 days, lean and fat cows received either 400 or 553 kJ metabolizable energy (ME) per kg initial live weight0.75 per day, respectively. Fat cows maintained their body weight and composition whereas lean cows lost 296 g body weight, 221 g lipid and 65 g protein daily. Calculated maintenance energy requirements averaged 516 and 536 kJ ME per kg live weight0.75 per day for lean and fat cows respectively but were not significantly affected by body fatness. Diet dry matter, organic matter, crude protein and energy apparent digestibilities but not acid-detergent fibre digestibility were significantly higher in fat animals.
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Isabelle Ortigues, Michel Petit, Jacques Agabriel. Influence of body condition on maintenance energy requirements of Charolais cows. Animal production, Durrant Periodicals, 1993, 57 (1), pp.47-53. ⟨10.1017/S0003356100006590⟩. ⟨hal-02715925⟩



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