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Temporal and spatial dynamics of primary and secondary infection by Armillaria ostoyae in a Pinus pinaster plantation

Abstract : Epidemiololgical investigations were performed in a 3-ha maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) plantation established on a site heavily infested by Armillaria ostoyae. Geostatistics were used to examine the density and the distribution of the initial inoculum. Disease dynamics were monitored for 17 years after planting. On the whole site, the cumulative mortality rate reached 35% over this period, plateauing at 12 years. Disease progress curves differed according to the density of the initial inoculum, although in all the cases, the Gompertz model described the epidemics, well. The epidemiological contributions of both primary (initially colonized Stumps) and secondary inoculum (newly dead pines) were evaluated by analyzing their spatial relation to annual mortality. Newly dead pines inoculum from year 3 and their role increased with acted as secondary time. When the initial inculum density was low, the contribution of secondary inoculum to epidemic development increased faster and halted sooner than when the density of primary inoculum was high. Regardless of its density, the primary inoculum acted throughout the dynamic phase of the epidemic. When the inoculum density was low, the probability of mortality during the first 6 years of the epidemic depended on the tree distance from the nearest stumps colonized by Armillaria sp. When the inculum density was high, the probability of mortality was higher and not related to the distance between trees and colonized stumps
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Brigitte Lung-Escarmant, Dominique Guyon. Temporal and spatial dynamics of primary and secondary infection by Armillaria ostoyae in a Pinus pinaster plantation. Phytopathology, American Phytopathological Society, 2004, 94 (2), pp.125-131. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.2.125⟩. ⟨hal-02683113⟩



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