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Association between Aphis gossypii genotype and phenotype on melon accessions

Abstract : Development of molecular markers has allowed the characterization of several host–aphid interactions. We investigated the usefulness of microsatellite markers to characterize the plant resistance interaction in the model Aphis gossypii/Cucumis melo. Six aphid clones, collected in different localities and years and belonging to two multilocus genotypes (MLGs) based on eight microsatellite markers, were phenotyped on a set of 33 melon accessions, some of them known to carry the Vat gene. Three parameters were used: acceptance of plant, ability to colonize the plant and resistance to virus when inoculated by aphids. Concordance and correlation analyses showed that aphid clones sharing a same MLG exhibited a very agreeable phenotype on the set of accessions for acceptance of plant and resistance to virus when inoculated by aphids. From host point of view, melon accessions were grouped into four clear categories, resistant to aphids of both MLGs, only resistant to the NM1 MLG, only resistant to the C9 MLG, susceptible to both MLGs and another group of unclear characteristics. The four categories revealed different patterns of virulence for NM1 and C9 MLGs that are likely controlled by a single avirulence gene in accordance with a gene for gene interaction. In contrast, the ability to colonize the plant appeared slightly variable among clones sharing a same MLG. We hypothesize it is due to the putative polygenic control of this aphid trait. Because the phenotypic variability of A. gossypii matched the genetic variability revealed by eight microsatellite markers, these markers could be used to infer the frequency of biotypes in field experiments and help to elucidate the allele diversity of melon resistance genes
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02650233
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 1:32:30 PM
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Sophie Thomas, Catherine Dogimont, Nathalie Boissot. Association between Aphis gossypii genotype and phenotype on melon accessions. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, Springer Verlag, 2012, 6 (1), pp.93-101. ⟨10.1007/s11829-011-9155-2⟩. ⟨hal-02650233⟩

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