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Correction of the Doppler distortion generated by a vibrating baffled piston

Tristan Lebrun 1 Thomas Hélie 2
1 S3AM - Systèmes et Signaux Sonores : Audio/Acoustique, instruMents
STMS - Sciences et Technologies de la Musique et du Son
2 S3AM - Systèmes et Signaux Sonores : Audio/Acoustique, instruMents
STMS - Sciences et Technologies de la Musique et du Son
Abstract : The Doppler effect is a phenomenon inherent to source motion, which introduces a variable propagation time between the source and a listening point. In the case of a vibrating piston, this is responsible for distortion of the radiated sound pressure. This moving-boundary phenomenon is part of the nonlinear effects involved in loudspeaker radiation. The present paper investigates the significance of this distortion, usually considered as neglectible, and addresses its correction. First, the direct problem is solved by: (a) converting the (Lagrangian) position of the moving source into its equivalent (Eulerian) velocity field at a fixed position; (b) deriving the acoustic pressure radiated from this velocity field. A series solution of (a) is derived and time-domain simulations of (b) are built from the truncated series combined with a baffled piston radiation model. Simulations show that Doppler distortion can be significant for realistic loudspeaker diaphragm motion with a wide spectral content. Second, the inverse (anti-Doppler) problem is examined, that is, the derivation of a piston displacement that generates a targeted Eulerian velocity field. The corrected piston velocity solution proves to be an uncentered signal, leading to a diverging displacement. In order to remove this practical problem, a centered approximation is preferred, based on modified inverse Volterra kernels. The anti-Doppler algorithm is reliable in the audio range.
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Tristan Lebrun, Thomas Hélie. Correction of the Doppler distortion generated by a vibrating baffled piston. Acta Acustica, Les Ulis, France : Les Editions de Physique, 2020, 4 (1), ⟨10.1051/aacus/2020002⟩. ⟨hal-02614707⟩

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