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First Hubble diagram and cosmological constraints using superluminous supernova

Abstract : We present the first Hubble diagram of superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) out to a redshift of two, together with constraints on the matter density, $\Omega_{\rm M}$, and the dark energy equation-of-state parameter, $w(\equiv p/\rho)$. We build a sample of 20 cosmologically useful SLSNe~I based on light curve and spectroscopy quality cuts. We confirm the robustness of the peak decline SLSN~I standardization relation with a larger dataset and improved fitting techniques than previous works. We then solve the SLSN model based on the above standardisation via minimisation of the $\chi^2$ computed from a covariance matrix which includes statistical and systematic uncertainties. For a spatially flat $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model, we find $\Omega_{\rm M}=0.44^{+0.21}_{-0.21}$, with a rms of 0.28 mag for the residuals of the distance moduli. For an $w_0w_a$CDM cosmological model, the addition of SLSNe~I to a `baseline' measurement consisting of Planck temperature and WMAP polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) fluctuation together with type Ia supernovae, results in a small improvement in the constraints of $w_0$ and $w_a$ of 4\%. We present simulations of future surveys with 847 SLSNe I and show that such a sample can deliver cosmological constraints in a flat $\Lambda$CDM model with the same precision (considering only statistical uncertainties) as current surveys that use type Ia supernovae, while providing an improvement of 15\% in the constraints on the time variation of dark energy, $w_0$ and $w_a$. This paper represents the proof-of-concept for superluminous supernova cosmology, and demonstrates they can provide an independent test of cosmology in the high-redshift ($z>1$) universe.
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Contributor : Inspire Hep <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 13, 2020 - 5:31:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 4:04:07 PM

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C. Inserra, M. Sullivan, C.R. Angus, E. Macaulay, R.C. Nichol, et al.. First Hubble diagram and cosmological constraints using superluminous supernova. 2020. ⟨hal-02572608⟩



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