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Acquis récents sur l’occupation funéraire du plateau de Lannemezan et éclairage nouveau pour le piémont ouest-pyrénéen au Néolithique final : l’ensemble monumental du site de l’Arsenal/CM 10

Abstract : A rescue excavation at the site of Centre mobilisateur 10, located in the south-east of the Lannemezan agglomeration (Hautes-Pyrénées) and otherwise known as the Arsenal, was carried out in 2016 by the Éveha team, under the leadership of V. Ropiot. From a geographic perspective, this sector, between Bigorre and Comminges, occupies an interface position on a fluvio-glacially formed plateau, culminating at an altitude of 600 m at the foothill of the Pyrenees, and forms a vast expanse of land including heaths, bogs, meadows and some woodland. The excavation completely uncovered a circular tumulus with a pebble enclosure, which was the main aim of the operation. However, it also brought to light ten archaeological structures, including a singular megalithic monument, composed of a monolithic slab surrounded by a pebble border, covering a chamber buried in a vast oblong pit, with a frontal entrance. The other structures consist of six fireplaces with heated pebbles, two isolated post holes and a pit containing middle Bronze Age objects, which were plundered or heavily reworked but appear to be linked to worship rituals. All these structures are located in the central part of the excavated zone, around the tumulus, and towards the east for the hearths, including two developed in the crown of the tumulus. These remains are attributed to a period ranging from 3700 to 1400 BCE, centred around the Final Neolithic 2. They form an unprecedented monumental funerary complex in the High-Pyrenees.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02559089
Contributor : Nicolas Coquet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 30, 2020 - 10:34:45 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:50:50 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02559089, version 1

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Virginie Ropiot, Pablo Marticorena, Hatem Djerbi, Cédric Lepère, Emmanuel Mens, et al.. Acquis récents sur l’occupation funéraire du plateau de Lannemezan et éclairage nouveau pour le piémont ouest-pyrénéen au Néolithique final : l’ensemble monumental du site de l’Arsenal/CM 10. Gallia Préhistoire – Préhistoire de la France dans son contexte européen, CNRS Éditions, 2020, 60, pp.5-65. ⟨hal-02559089⟩

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