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Detecting changes between optical images of different spatial and spectral resolutions: a fusion-based approach

Vinicius Ferraris 1 Nicolas Dobigeon 1 Qi Wei 2 Marie Chabert 1
1 IRIT-SC - Signal et Communications
IRIT - Institut de recherche en informatique de Toulouse
Abstract : Change detection (CD) is one of the most challenging issues when analyzing remotely sensed images. Comparing several multidate images acquired through the same kind of sensor is the most common scenario. Conversely, designing robust, flexible, and scalable algorithms for CD becomes even more challenging when the images have been acquired by two different kinds of sensors. This situation arises in the case of emergency under critical constraints. This paper presents, to the best of our knowledge, the first strategy to deal with optical images characterized by dissimilar spatial and spectral resolutions. Typical considered scenarios include CD between panchromatic, multispectral, and hyperspectral images. The proposed strategy consists of a three-step procedure: 1) inferring a high spatial and spectral resolution image by fusion of the two observed images characterized one by a low spatial resolution and the other by a low spectral resolution; 2) predicting two images with, respectively, the same spatial and spectral resolutions as the observed images by the degradation of the fused one; and 3) implementing a decision rule to each pair of observed and predicted images characterized by the same spatial and spectral resolutions to identify changes. To quantitatively assess the performance of the method, an experimental protocol is specifically designed, relying on synthetic yet physically plausible change rules applied to real images. The accuracy of the proposed framework is finally illustrated on real images.
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Vinicius Ferraris, Nicolas Dobigeon, Qi Wei, Marie Chabert. Detecting changes between optical images of different spatial and spectral resolutions: a fusion-based approach. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 56 (3), pp.1566-1578. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2017.2765348⟩. ⟨hal-02539644⟩

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