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Properties of the most metal-poor gas-rich LSB dwarf galaxies SDSS J0015+0104 and J2354−0005 residing in the Eridanus void

Abstract : SDSS J0015+0104 is the lowest metallicity low surface brightness dwarf (LSBD) galaxy known. The oxygen abundance in its H ii region SDSS J001520.70+010436.9 (at ∼1.5 kpc from the galaxy centre) is 12+log (O/H) = 7.07 (Guseva et al.). This galaxy, at the distance of 28.4 Mpc, appears to reside deeply in the volume devoid of luminous massive galaxies, known as the Eridanus void. SDSS J235437.29−000501.6 is another Eridanus void LSBD galaxy, with parameter 12+log (O/H) = 7.36 (also Guseva et al.). We present the results of their H i observations with the Nançay Radio Telescope revealing their high ratios of M(H i)/LB ∼ 2.3. Based on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey images, we derived for both galaxies their radial surface brightness profiles and the main photometric parameters. Their colours and total magnitudes are used to estimate the galaxy stellar mass and ages. The related gas mass fractions, fg ∼ 0.98 and ∼0.97, and the extremely low metallicities (much lower than for their more typical counterparts with the same luminosity) indicate their unevolved status. We compare these Eridanus void LSBDs with several extreme LSBD galaxies residing in the nearby Lynx–Cancer void. Based on the combination of all their unusual properties, the two discussed LSBD galaxies are similar to the unusual LSBDs residing in the closer void. This finding presents additional evidence for the existence in voids of a sizeable fraction of low-mass unevolved galaxies. Their dedicated search might result in the substantial increase of the number of such objects in the local Universe and in the advancement of understanding their nature.
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S. Pustilnik, J.-M. Martin, Y. Lyamina, A. Kniazev. Properties of the most metal-poor gas-rich LSB dwarf galaxies SDSS J0015+0104 and J2354−0005 residing in the Eridanus void. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2013, 432 (3), pp.2224-2230. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stt609⟩. ⟨hal-02538437⟩

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