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Notes sur l'histoire de la littérature turque des Tanzimat (1839) à la « révolution des lettres » (1928)

Abstract : Turkish literary historiography seems to have espoused the definition of “Turkishness”, established at the time of independence in 1923, which regarded as Turkish any person of Muslim faith residing within the borders of the country, regardless of their ethnic origin and mother tongue, and has imposed it retrospectively on the multicultural world of Ottoman Turkish literature. Indeed, non-Muslim authors writing in Turkish have been excluded from the history of literature. However, as is highlighted in the first part of this article, many exchanges took place between the Turkish Muslim intelligentsia and non-Muslim Turkish-speaking intellectuals. Addressing the issue of minor literature in the Ottoman context, the second part presents Armeno-Turkish, Karamanli Turkish, Judeo-Turkish and Syro-Ottoman literatures in dialogue with Ottoman Turkish literary culture. Noting that non-Muslim writers writing with the Perso-Arabic alphabet are also largely absent from literary histories, the article addresses in the third part the impact of the “revolution of the letters”, the adoption of the Latin alphabet in 1928. This contributed not only to the occultation of the minor literatures of Ottoman Turkey, but also to that of women’s and popular literatures as well as of the Turkish Ottoman progressive tradition.
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Laurent Mignon. Notes sur l'histoire de la littérature turque des Tanzimat (1839) à la « révolution des lettres » (1928). Slovo, Presses de l’INALCO, 2020. ⟨hal-02485241⟩

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