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Combining sterile and incompatible insect techniques for the population suppression of Drosophila suzukii

Abstract : The spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, has recently invaded Europe and the Americas, and it is a major threat for a wide variety of commercial soft fruits both in open field and greenhouse production systems. D. suzukii infests a wide range of ripening fruits, leading to substantial yield and revenue losses. As the application of insecticides close to the harvest period poses great concerns, the development of an efficient environment-friendly control approach to fight D. suzukii is necessary. In this study, we exploited the sterile insect technique (SIT) in combination with Wolbachia symbiosis as a population suppression approach that can constitute a potential component of an area-wide integrated pest management program. We aimed to establish a combined SIT/incompatible insect technique (IIT) protocol that would require lower irradiation doses as a complementary tool for D. suzukii management. Two D. suzukii lines trans-infected with the Wolbachia wHa and wTei strains were irradiated at doses four times less than usual (e.g., 45 Gy), and the egg hatching and adult emergence were determined. Our results indicated that wHa and wTei females as well as wHa males were sterile at this low dose. The longevity, adult emergence and flight ability of adults were evaluated, and no major effect caused by irradiation was detected. Our data indicate that a SIT/IIT protocol can be a competent approach for D. suzukii management.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 19, 2020 - 4:08:24 PM
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K. Nikolouli, F. Sassù, L. Mouton, C. Stauffer, K. Bourtzis. Combining sterile and incompatible insect techniques for the population suppression of Drosophila suzukii. Journal of Pest Science, Springer Verlag, 2020, 93 (2), pp.647 - 661. ⟨10.1007/s10340-020-01199-6⟩. ⟨hal-02484753⟩



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