Early Ultra-Violet observations of type IIn supernovae constrain the asphericity of their circumstellar material

Abstract : We present a survey of the early evolution of 12 Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) in the Ultra-Violet (UV) and visible light. We use this survey to constrain the geometry of the circumstellar material (CSM) surrounding SN IIn explosions, which may shed light on their progenitor diversity. In order to distinguish between aspherical and spherical circumstellar material (CSM), we estimate the blackbody radius temporal evolution of the SNe IIn of our sample, following the method introduced by Soumagnac et al. We find that higher luminosity objects tend to show evidence for aspherical CSM. Depending on whether this correlation is due to physical reasons or to some selection bias, we derive a lower limit between 35% and 66% on the fraction of SNe IIn showing evidence for aspherical CSM. This result suggests that asphericity of the CSM surrounding SNe IIn is common - consistent with data from resolved images of stars undergoing considerable mass loss. It should be taken into account for more realistic modelling of these events.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02475276
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - 9:42:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 9:42:11 PM

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Maayane T. Soumagnac, Eran O. Ofek, Jingyi Liang, Avishay Gal-Yam, Peter Nugent, et al.. Early Ultra-Violet observations of type IIn supernovae constrain the asphericity of their circumstellar material. 2020. ⟨hal-02475276⟩

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