A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS

Abstract : NASA's Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner-heliosphere ($< $0.25$R_\odot$) using both {\em{in-situ}} and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macro-scale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with {\em{in-situ}} measurements of electromagnetic fields of the inner heliosphere and corona, includes a set of three vector magnetometers: two fluxgate magnetometers (MAGs), and a single inductively coupled search-coil magnetometer (SCM). Together, the three FIELDS magnetometers enable measurements of the local magnetic field with a bandwidth ranging from DC to 1 MHz. This manuscript reports on the development of a merged data set combining SCM and MAG (SCaM) measurements, enabling the highest fidelity data product with an optimal signal to noise ratio. On-ground characterization tests of complex instrumental responses and noise floors are discussed as well as application to the in-flight calibration of FIELDS data. The algorithm used on PSP/FIELDS to merge waveform observations from multiple sensors with optimal signal to noise characteristics is presented. In-flight analysis of calibrations and merging algorithm performance demonstrates a timing accuracy to well within the survey rate sample period of $\sim340 \mu s$.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02475273
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - 9:38:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 9:38:19 PM

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Trevor A. Bowen, Stuart D. Bale, John W. Bonnell, Thierry Dudok de Wit, Keith Goetz, et al.. A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS. 2020. ⟨hal-02475273⟩

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