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Force on a neutron quantised vortex pinned to proton fluxoids in the superfluid core of cold neutron stars

Abstract : The superfluid and superconducting core of a cold rotating neutron star (NS) is expected to be threaded by a tremendous number of neutron quantized vortices and proton fluxoids. Their interactions are unavoidable and may have important astrophysical implications. In this paper, the various contributions to the force acting on a single vortex to which fluxoids are pinned are clarified. The general expression of the force is derived by applying the variational multifluid formalism developed by Carter and collaborators. Pinning to fluxoids leads to an additional Magnus type force due to proton circulation around the vortex. Pinning in the core of an NS may thus have a dramatic impact on the vortex dynamics, and therefore on the magnetorotational evolution of the star.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - 9:06:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 1:37:32 PM

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Aurélien Sourie, Nicolas Chamel. Force on a neutron quantised vortex pinned to proton fluxoids in the superfluid core of cold neutron stars. Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc., 2020, 493 (1), pp.382-389. ⟨10.1093/mnras/staa253⟩. ⟨hal-02475207⟩

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