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Energy Expenditure in Older People Hospitalized for an Acute Episode

Abstract : Weight loss and worsening of nutritional state is a frequent downfall of acute hospitalization in older people. It is usually accepted that acute inflammation is responsible for hypercatabolism. However, several studies suggest, on the contrary, a reduction in resting energy expenditure (REE). This study aimed to obtain a reliable measure of REE and total energy expenditure (TEE) in older patients hospitalized for an acute episode in order to better assess patients' energy requirements and help understand the mechanisms of weight loss in this situation. Nineteen hospitalized older patients (mean age 83 years) with C-reactive protein (CRP) level \textgreater20mg/L were recruited. REE and TEE were measured using gold standard methods of indirect calorimetry and doubly labeled water (DLW), respectively. REE was then compared to data from a previous study on aged volunteers from nursing homes who were free of an acute stressor event. Energy requirements measured by DLW were confirmed at 1.3 x REE. Energy intake covered the needs but did not prevent weight loss in these patients. TEE was not increased in hospitalized patients and was not influenced by inflammation, while the relationship between REE and inflammation was uncertain. Our results suggest that lean mass remains the major determinant of REE in hospitalized older people and that weight loss may not be explained solely by a state of hypercatabolism.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 4, 2020 - 9:54:11 AM
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M. Bonnefoy, T. Gilbert, S. Normand, M. Jauffret, Pascal Roy, et al.. Energy Expenditure in Older People Hospitalized for an Acute Episode. Nutrients, 2019, 11 (12), ⟨10.3390/nu11122946⟩. ⟨hal-02465734⟩



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