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De bons vagabonds pour l’État : L’extension ambivalente de l’aide sociale à l’hébergement (1959)

Abstract : In France, vagrancy and begging were still considered crimes until 1994, according to the Napoleonic Code of 1810. However, from 1959, social housing assistance was available to vagrants thought to be able to reintegrate into society. Those concerned could be housed on a 6-month renewable basis in shelters managed by associations and certified by the state and by local communities. Despite the development of the welfare state by way of social assistance, this legislative revision is noteworthy since it occurred at the same time as a drastic and continuous fall in the number of convicted vagrants and beggars. This article, supported by archives, focuses on the way vagrancy was defined as a public problem from the mid-1950s. This definition was built up by many social spheres (political, administrative, associative, and judicial) and was finally legally related to social assistance on January 7, 1959. It shows that the major change from a penal to a social conception of vagrancy could only be achieved with the inclusion of a discretionary dimension to social welfare. Thus, this article highlights the mechanisms used by the state in order to reconceive the secular distinction between good and bad poor people in contemporary social policy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02459241
Contributor : Mauricio Aranda Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 11:48:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 6:31:11 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02459241, version 1

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Mauricio Aranda. De bons vagabonds pour l’État : L’extension ambivalente de l’aide sociale à l’hébergement (1959). Politix, De Boeck Supérieur, 2019, Varia, 127 (3), pp.85-107. ⟨hal-02459241⟩

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