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SPOQ lp-Over-lq Regularization for Sparse Signal Recovery applied to Mass Spectrometry

Abstract : Underdetermined or ill-posed inverse problems require additional information for sound solutions with tractable optimization algorithms. Sparsity yields consequent heuristics to that matter, with numerous applications in signal restoration, image recovery, or machine learning. Since the l0 count measure is barely tractable, many statistical or learning approaches have invested in computable proxies, such as the l1 norm. However, the latter does not exhibit the desirable property of scale invari-ance for sparse data. Generalizing the SOOT Euclidean/Taxicab l1/ l2 norm-ratio initially introduced for blind deconvolution, we propose SPOQ, a family of smoothed scale-invariant penalty functions. It consists of a Lipschitz-differentiable surrogate for p-over-q quasi-norm/norm ratios with p ∈ ]0, 2[ and q ≥ 2. This surrogate is embedded into a novel majorize-minimize trust-region approach, generalizing the variable metric forward-backward algorithm. For naturally sparse mass-spectrometry signals, we show that SPOQ significantly outperforms l0, l1, Cauchy, Welsch, and CEL0 penalties on several performance measures. Guidelines on SPOQ hyperparameters tuning are also provided, suggesting simple data-driven choices.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 24, 2020 - 3:32:07 PM
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Afef Cherni, Emilie Chouzenoux, Laurent Duval, Jean-Christophe Pesquet. SPOQ lp-Over-lq Regularization for Sparse Signal Recovery applied to Mass Spectrometry. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020, 68, pp.6070--6084. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2020.3025731⟩. ⟨hal-02454518⟩

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