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From Chains to Monolayers : Nanoparticle Assembly Driven by Smectic Topological Defects

Abstract : In this article, we show how advanced hierarchical structures of topological defects in the so-called smectic oily streaks can be used to sequentially transfer their geometrical features to gold nanospheres. We use two kinds of topological defects, 1D dislocations and 2D ribbon-like topological defects. The large trapping efficiency of the smectic dislocation cores not only surpasses that of the elastically distorted zones around the cores but also the one of the 2D ribbon-like topological defect. This enables the formation of a large number of aligned NP chains, within the dislocation cores that can be quasi-fully filled without any significant aggregation outside the cores. When the NP concentration is large enough to entirely fill the dislocation cores, the LC confinement varies from 1D to 2D. We demonstrate that the 2D topological defect cores induce a confinement that leads to planar hexagonal networks of NPs. We then draw the phase diagram driven by NP concentration, associated with the sequential confinements induced by these two kinds of topological defects. Owing to the excellent large-scale order of these defect cores, not only the NP chains but also the NP hexagonal networks can be oriented along the desired direction, suggesting a possible new route for the creation of either 1D or 2D highly anisotropic NP networks. In addition, these results open rich perspectives based on the possible creation of coexisting NP assemblies of different kinds, localized in different confining areas of a same smectic film that would thus interact thanks to their proximity but also would interact via the surrounding soft matter matrix.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02450544
Contributor : Emmanuel Lhuillier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 23, 2020 - 9:29:43 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 28, 2020 - 1:55:14 AM

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Syou P'Heng Do, Missaoui Amine, Alessandro Coati, Delphine Coursault, Haïfa Jeridi, et al.. From Chains to Monolayers : Nanoparticle Assembly Driven by Smectic Topological Defects. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2020, ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b04347⟩. ⟨hal-02450544⟩

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