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The Mitochondrial Small Heat Shock Protein HSP22 from Pea is a Thermosoluble Chaperone Prone to Co-Precipitate with Unfolding Client Proteins

Abstract : The small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are molecular chaperones that share an alpha-crystallin domain but display a high diversity of sequence, expression, and localization. They are especially prominent in plants, populating most cellular compartments. In pea, mitochondrial HSP22 is induced by heat or oxidative stress in leaves but also strongly accumulates during seed development. The molecular function of HSP22 was addressed by studying the effect of temperature on its structural properties and chaperone effects using a recombinant or native protein. Overexpression of HSP22 significantly increased bacterial thermotolerance. The secondary structure of the recombinant protein was not affected by temperature in contrast with its quaternary structure. The purified protein formed large polydisperse oligomers that dissociated upon heating (42 • C) into smaller species (mainly monomers). The recombinant protein appeared thermosoluble but precipitated with thermosensitive proteins upon heat stress in assays either with single protein clients or within complex extracts. As shown by in vitro protection assays, HSP22 at high molar ratio could partly prevent the heat aggregation of rhodanese but not of malate dehydrogenase. HSP22 appears as a holdase that could possibly prevent the aggregation of some proteins while co-precipitating with others to facilitate their subsequent refolding by disaggregases or clearance by proteases.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 7, 2020 - 4:51:58 PM
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Marie-Hélène Avelange-Macherel, Aurélia A. Rolland, Marie-Pierre Hinault, Dimitri Tolleter, David Macherel. The Mitochondrial Small Heat Shock Protein HSP22 from Pea is a Thermosoluble Chaperone Prone to Co-Precipitate with Unfolding Client Proteins. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2019, 21 (97), pp.97. ⟨10.3390/ijms21010097⟩. ⟨hal-02431058⟩

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