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Sliding mode control applied to a square-back Ahmed body

Abstract : We consider the first closed-loop separation control experiment on an Ahmed body using a robust, model-based strategy called "sliding mode control" (SMC). The goal is to reduce and further maintain the aerodynamic drag of the square-back Ahmed body flow at Re h = 9 × 10 4 (based on the body height). This study also investigates the practical feasibility of this approach which shows a great promise for industrial applications. The flow is manipulated by a slotted jet placed on the top trailing edge, combined with a predefined angle direction, and sensed by a drag balance. Base pressure and lift measurements are also obtained in real-time. The interaction between the air jet actuator and the mean near-wake flow are depicted by means of Particle Image Velocimetry. In order to compare this closed-loop strategy we first present two open-loop ones. Continuous blowing is initially used to directly influence the recirculation area and hence achieve a reduction in the drag. Approximately a drag reduction of 8% is accomplished making this approach the "optimal case" control strategy. However, because steady blowing mechanisms lead to the highest energy consumption scheme, this strategy will only serve as the first open-loop control reference. The second open-loop strategy involves three periodic forcing frequencies, St A = 0.0765, 0.135 & 0.405. The influence of these frequencies on the near-wake, and its further drag modification, will be further examined. The proposed sliding mode control (closed-loop strategy) is applied to the same Ahmed body configuration and compared to the open-loop cases. It will be designed on the basis of a simplified input-output model which was recently defined for another flow control application. Last, a second experiment is conducted so to show the disturbance rejection of the controller, corroborating the robustness and efficiency of this control approach. Its limitations and difficulties on an experimental setup are also discussed. SMC is able to reduce and maintain the drag to a desire set-point regardless external flow perturbations. Our control strategy was recently used in another context (flow reattachement on a wing) with the same robustness. These successes make guess it is applicable to multiple experimental and industrial contexts.
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Contributor : Jean-Pierre Richard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2019 - 6:02:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 2:26:16 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, March 21, 2020 - 9:22:35 PM



Camila Chovet, Maxime Feingesicht, Baptiste Plumejeau, Marc Lippert, Laurent Keirsbulck, et al.. Sliding mode control applied to a square-back Ahmed body. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, 2019, 81, pp.151-164. ⟨10.1016/j.euromechflu.2019.07.010⟩. ⟨hal-02422123⟩



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