Les Clubs de presse au Japon. Le journaliste, l’entreprise et ses sources

Abstract : Based on an analysis of Japanese press clubs, this paper examines the role of media companies in journalists’ relations with institutional sources. Press clubs (kisha kurabu) consist of reporters accredited by the major institutions of society (ministries, administrations, large companies, police stations) and are the main avenue of access to these sources. They differ from other journalists’ associations in their systematic presence throughout the country and how one becomes a member. Only report-ers employed by a daily press company or television channel can join. This bars access by other segments of the profession and imposes a division of labor in which staff reporters have the exclusive right to produce institutional news. This system is often criticized, and yet it persists, at least in part because of the career path of journalists, which takes place within companies and are subject to high thematic and geographical mobility. This mobility makes it difficult for many of them to maintain a roster of sources. Club membership facilitates connection with sources. In return, it reinforces journalists’ dependence on companies that are the true gatekeepers of access to the raw material of news.
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César Castellvi. Les Clubs de presse au Japon. Le journaliste, l’entreprise et ses sources. Sur le journalisme, Université libre de Bruxelles, 2019. ⟨hal-02421073⟩

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