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Polarimetric Reconstruction of Coronal Mass Ejections from LASCO-C2 Observations

Olivier Floyd 1 Philippe Lamy 1 
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : The three-dimensional morphology and direction of propagation of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are essential information for identifying their source on the solar disk, for understanding the processes of their ejection and propagation in the corona, and for forecasting their possible impact with the Earth or any other objects in the solar system. The polarization of the Thomson scattering by an electron is known to provide information on its position with respect to the plane of the sky. This polarimetric technique is applied to reconstruct 15 CMEs on the basis of white-light polarized images obtained with the Large Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) C2, which have been extensively corrected for instrumental effects. It does provide valuable results in spite of the time delays between the three observations required to build the polarization maps. Most of these CMEs exhibit complex structures making a classification in terms of simple shapes such as arcade of loops or flux rope difficult or even questionable. Three of these CMEs benefited from multiple observations allowing us to follow their three-dimensional development as they propagated outward. All CMEs are tracked back to the solar surface and in several instances, active regions are identified as the probable sources. Finally, the projected speeds and masses derived from white-light unpolarized observations have been corrected for the projection angle to produce unbiased values.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 1:33:14 PM
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Olivier Floyd, Philippe Lamy. Polarimetric Reconstruction of Coronal Mass Ejections from LASCO-C2 Observations. Solar Physics, Springer Verlag, 2019, 294, 168. ⟨10.1007/s11207-019-1553-0⟩. ⟨hal-02390996⟩



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