Formulation, process conditions, and biological evaluation of dairy mixed gels containing fava bean and milk proteins: Effect on protein retention in growing young rats

Abstract : Food formulation and process conditions can indirectly influence AA digestibility and bioavailability. Here we investigated the effects of formulation and process conditions used in the manufacture of novel blended dairy gels (called "mixed gels" here) containing fava bean (Vicia faba) globular proteins on both protein composition and metabolism when given to young rats. Three mixed dairy gels containing casein micelles and fava bean proteins were produced either by chemical acidification (A) with glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) or by lactic acid fermentation. Fermented gels containing casein and fava bean proteins were produced without (F) or with (FW) whey proteins. The AA composition of mixed gels was evaluated. The electrophoretic patterns of mixed protein gels analyzed by densitometry evidenced heat denaturation and aggregation via disulfide bonds of fava bean 11S legumin that could aggregate upon heating of the mixtures before gelation. Moreover, fermented gels showed no particular protein proteolysis compared with gel obtained by GDL-induced acidification. Kinetics of acidification were also evaluated. The pH decreased rapidly during gelation of GDL-induced acid gel compared with fermented gel. Freeze-dried F, A, and FW mixed gels were then fed to 30 young (1 mo old) male Wistar rats for 21 d (n = 10/diet). Fermented mixed gels significantly increased protein efficiency ratio (+58%) and lean mass (+26%), particularly muscle mass (+9%), and muscle protein content (+15%) compared with GDL-induced acid gel. Furthermore, F and FW formulas led to significantly higher apparent digestibility and true digestibility (+7%) than A formula. Blending fava bean, casein, and whey proteins in the fermented gel FW resulted in 10% higher leucine content and significantly higher protein retention in young rats (+7% and +28%) than the F and A mixed gels, respectively. Based on protein gain in young rats, the fermented fava bean, casein, and whey mixed proteins gel was the most promising candidate for further development of mixed protein gels with enhanced nutritional benefits.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 27, 2019 - 2:12:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 11, 2019 - 11:50:55 AM

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Insaf Berrazaga, J.L. Mession, Karima Laleg, Jérôme Salles, Christelle Guillet, et al.. Formulation, process conditions, and biological evaluation of dairy mixed gels containing fava bean and milk proteins: Effect on protein retention in growing young rats. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2019, 102 (2), pp.1066-1082. ⟨10.3168/jds.2018-14610⟩. ⟨hal-02382900⟩

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