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Dual effect of Algerian propolis on lung cancer: antitumor and chemopreventive effects involving antioxidant activity

Abstract : The purpose of our study was to divulge the antiproliferative effect of an ethanolic extract of Algerian propolis (EEP) in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) and reveal the chemopreventive role against benzo(a)pyrene-induced lung carcinogenesis in albino Wistar rats. Cytotoxicity of EEP was evaluated using the MTT assay and cell adhesion in A549 cells. Moreover, rats were given 25 mg/kg of propolis for 5 days before induction of experimental lung cancer by a single intraperitoneal dose of 200 mg/kg benzo(a)pyrene. Body weight, lung weight, lipid peroxidation, marker enzymes, and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were estimated. The EEP demonstrated an inhibitory effect on proliferation of A549 at 24 and 72 hours in a dose-dependent manner and blocked adhesion of the cells by fibrinogen. Moreover, EEP reduced the oxidative stress generated by benzo(a)pyrene. The pre-treatment showed that enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants increased and lipid peroxidation decreased. A histological analysis further supported these findings and showed a decrease in the number of side effects. These results are particularly important for both clinical applications of propolis and the possibility for its use as a potential chemotherapeutic agent.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 3:01:11 PM
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Hadjer Brihoum, Mhamed Maiza, Hafida Sahali, Malika Boulmeltout, Gillian Barratt, et al.. Dual effect of Algerian propolis on lung cancer: antitumor and chemopreventive effects involving antioxidant activity. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018, 54, ⟨10.1590/s2175-97902018000117396⟩. ⟨hal-02370629⟩

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