A late onset sickle cell disease reveals a mosaic segmental uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 11p15

Abstract : We report, in a 78-year old man constitutionally heterozygous for the sickle cell trait, a late onset sickle cell disease (SCD) caused by a mosaic segmental uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 11p15. The mosaic loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the HBB gene was suggested in front of an unusually weak βA peak at Sanger direct sequencing and a semi-quantitative FRET Light Cycler method which showed a low expression of the βA allele compared to the βS allele. A SNP array analysis then revealed a 45.9 Mb LOH on almost the whole short arm of chromosome 11 without any copy loss number and with an estimated level of mosaicism of 80%. Culture and genotyping of erythroblastic burst forming units confirmed the presence of AS and SS hematopoietic cells in the proportions of 2/3 and 1/3, respectively. Such a late-onset SCD had already been described but for a much younger patient (a 14-year-old boy). This discrepancy could be explained either by a much lower degree of mosaicism at birth in our proband (and thus a much more delayed clinical expression) or by inter-individual variations (modifier genes for example) that could have slowed down the positive selection of S/S clones.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02363862
Contributor : Depot 4 Lyon 1 <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 14, 2019 - 3:52:25 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 5, 2019 - 1:21:38 AM

Identifiers

Collections

HCL | HEH

Citation

Isabelle Vinatier, Xavier Martin, Jean-Marc Costa, Anne Bazin, Stéphane Giraudier, et al.. A late onset sickle cell disease reveals a mosaic segmental uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 11p15. Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, Elsevier, 2015, 54 (1), pp.53-55. ⟨10.1016/j.bcmd.2014.07.021⟩. ⟨hal-02363862⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

21