Intraspecific and interspecific adaptive latitudinal cline in Brassicaceae seed oil traits

Abstract : Premise of the Study. Nearly all seed plants rely on stored seed reserves before photosynthesis can commence. Natural selection for seed oil traits must have occurred over 319 million years of evolution since the first seed plant ancestor. Accounting for the biogeographic distribution of seed oil traits is fundamental to understanding the mechanisms of adaptive evolution in seed plants. However, the evolution of seed oils is poorly understood. We provide evidence of the adaptive nature of seed oil traits at the intraspecific and interspecific levels in Brassicaceae—an oilseed‐rich and economically important plant family. Methods. Univariate statistics, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, generalized linear mixed model analysis, and phylogenetic autocorrelation tests on seed oil traits of 360 accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana and 216 Brassicaceae species helped provide evidence of the adaptive nature of seed oil traits. Key Results. At higher latitudes, both seed oil content and unsaturated fatty acids have selective advantages in Arabidopsis thaliana (intraspecific‐level), while only unsaturated fatty acids have selective advantages across 216 Brassicaceae species (interspecific‐level). The seed oil patterns fit within the theoretical framework of the gradient model. Seed oil content increases significantly from temperate to subtropical to tropical regions in Brassicaceae herbs. Absence of phylogenetic signals for seed oil traits and high seed oil content in four tribes of Brassicaceae were observed. Conclusions. Multiple seed oil traits are adaptive in nature and follow a gradient model. Consistent evolutionary patterns of seed oil traits were observed at the intraspecific and interspecific levels in Brassicaceae. Seed oil traits change with latitude and across biomes, suggesting selection. The absence of a phylogenetic signal for seed oil traits and the occurrence of high seed oil content in four Brassicaceae tribes provides evidence of the adaptive nature of seed oil traits in Brassicaceae.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02357319
Contributor : Jonathan Lenoir <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 9, 2019 - 9:23:18 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 10, 2019 - 1:14:06 AM

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Anushree Sanyal, Jonathan Lenoir, Carmel O'Neill, Frédéric Dubois, Guillaume Decocq. Intraspecific and interspecific adaptive latitudinal cline in Brassicaceae seed oil traits. American Journal of Botany, Botanical Society of America, 2018, 105 (1), pp.85-94. ⟨10.1002/ajb2.1014⟩. ⟨hal-02357319⟩

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