Cultiver les friches urbaines comme de nouveaux communs (Detroit, États-Unis)

Abstract : In cities of the Global North, where reign private or public ownership, vacant lots are reclaimed by communities for urban agriculture. Especially in Detroit, a shrinking city, massive land vacancy constitutes an opportunity to solve the tragedy of the non-commons in contemporary urbanization. Yet reclaiming the land for commu­nity urban agriculture does not entail the creation of urban commons, which necessi­tate complex processes of use and management. Based on a field survey conducted in Detroit for doctoral research and on a review of the literature on vacancy, urban agriculture and the common(s), this article demonstrates that building agri­cultural urban commons lies on three constitutive dimensions: occupying the land as territorial commons; cultivating the land with commons of knowledge; and governing the land as a common. The appearance of agricultural urban commons in Detroit can thus be interpreted as rising alternatives facing a political, economical, social and food crisis, that are nevertheless vulnerable to land grabbing for non-common uses.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 8, 2019 - 2:46:29 PM
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Flaminia Paddeu. Cultiver les friches urbaines comme de nouveaux communs (Detroit, États-Unis). Géographie et cultures, L'Harmattan, 2017, pp.87-108. ⟨10.4000/gc.5775⟩. ⟨hal-02355928⟩



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