Regulation of macrophage activation by proteins expressed on apoptotic neutrophils: Subversion towards autoimmunity by proteinase 3

Abstract : Neutrophils are critically involved in host defence and they also modulate the inflammatory process. Turning the inflammatory response towards a resolutive outcome requires a dialogue between apoptotic neutrophils and proresolving macrophages through complex key molecular interactions controlling efferocytosis, anti-inflammatory reprogramming and ultimately immune regulation. In this review, we will first focus on recent molecular analyses aiming at characterizing the role of proteins expressed on apoptotic neutrophils and their cognate partners expressed on macrophages in the resolution of inflammation. These will include chemokine receptors and their ligands and annexin A1 and its receptor FPR2. We will next depict how the structural and enzymatic properties of proteinase 3 (PR3), the autoantigen in vasculitis, allow its expression on apoptotic neutrophils, which in turn affects efferocytosis and immune response associated with the clearance of apoptotic cells. This example illustrates that the fate of apoptotic neutrophils directly influences the resolution of inflammation and immune responses thereby potentially contributing to systemic and nonresolving inflammation as well as autoimmunity.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 8, 2019 - 1:24:07 PM
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Nathalie Thieblemont, Véronique Witko-Sarsat, Amiram Ariel. Regulation of macrophage activation by proteins expressed on apoptotic neutrophils: Subversion towards autoimmunity by proteinase 3. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, Wiley, 2018, 48 (Suppl 2), pp.e12990. ⟨10.1111/eci.12990⟩. ⟨hal-02355661⟩

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