La Préhistoire ancienne en Gironde : apport des recherches récentes

Abstract : In the low Dordogne and Garonne valleys the oldest prehistoric occupation appears during the Mindel but the human presence becomes more obvious during the Riss, in numerous open air settlements close to local flint sources or mixed assemblages in the alluvial deposits. During the old Würm the Mousterian people almost exclusively settle in open air stations, less frequently in caves like Pair-non- Pair's lowest layers. In this geographical area the Chatelperronian remains discrete. Aurignacians and Gravettians settled in open air sites, on foot-clives or in small rockshelters with lithic assemblages and bones. The long controversy on a Solutrean occurrence on the footcliff of Grand-Moulin is nowadays closed. Badegoulian occupation is usually known in small open air sites, on top hills, more scarcely on footclives, by polymorphous lithic industries. Magdalenian sites are numerous, in rockshelters along some small tributaries of the Dordogne valley, sometimes on open air slopes close to limestome dives and in one case, actually dug, in the sandy plateau between the river Garonne and the atlantic coast. Two main sites, with representative sequences of lower and middle Magdalenian have been recently revised and the Upper Magdalenian known in small rockshelters, shows the invention of new projectile points.
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Michel Lenoir. La Préhistoire ancienne en Gironde : apport des recherches récentes. Gallia Préhistoire, CNRS Éditions, 2000, 42, pp.57-84. ⟨10.3406/galip.2000.2170⟩. ⟨hal-02353530⟩

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