Comportements techniques et de subsistance à l'Aurignacien ancien : la couche 11 de l'abri Pataud (Dordogne)

Abstract : This article deals with the technical and subsistence behaviours of the prehistoric men who stayed in the abri Pataud during the early Aurignacian. All the artefacts, which have been the subject of our study, come from the main archaeological Aurignacian level : layer 11. We have crossed the results of three analyses : the study of the lithic and bone industries and archaeozoology. At that time, the landscape was an open steppe with some wooded spaces near the Vézère. The climate was cold but not harsh and dry but not arid. The deposit of this layer could have taken place during a temperate oscillation of the upper Pleniglacial (around 32 000 BP). Thanks to the lithic and bone industries, we know that the objects manufactured in the shelter by prehistoric men were essentially made of local raw material, but imported material was also present. Furthermore, the majority of the tools was produced for domestic use. There are just some samples of bone industry for hunting use. The meat diet of the Aurignacians of the abri Pataud consisted of horse and reindeer. The prehistoric men hunted time and again. In the winter period, they killed female and young reindeer of all ages that comprised small herds. In the summer period, they slew some small groups of female and young horses. The spatial distribution of lithic and bone objects reveals that the excavated zone under the shelter corresponds to domestic activity areas. These analyses emphasize a recurrent occupation of the site. Therefore, the abri Pataud can be compared to a seasonal camp where the prehistoric men stayed longer in the winter period than in the summer one.
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Laurent Chiotti, Marylène Patou-Mathis, Carole Vercoutère. Comportements techniques et de subsistance à l'Aurignacien ancien : la couche 11 de l'abri Pataud (Dordogne). Gallia Préhistoire, CNRS Éditions, 2003, 45, pp.157-203. ⟨10.3406/galip.2003.2038⟩. ⟨hal-02353441⟩



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